Shore birds + waterfowl of Peru

With more than 1800 species being registered Peru is a true paradise for birders. New species are continually being discovered in its cloud-forests, Amazon jungles, in its rugged mountains and inter-Andean valleys. In Peru you can observe close to 20% of the world’s total, which is more bird species than found in all of North America and Europe combined.

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 Page author: Stefan Austermühle

More than 300 are endemic species, species that cannot be found anywhere else in the world! Furthermore, Peru holds the record the record for the highest number of species seen in a single day (361) and for the most species in a single place (650).

The shoreline of the Peruvian coast and the coastal wetlands are not only home to a rich local bird fauna, but are also of major importance for the international conservation efforts to protect migratory shorebirds and waterfowl. This page lists the species one can observe when visiting Peru and provides you with detailed information on the natural history and the conservation status of each species. This page is a permanent work in process, where information about the species is regularly added and up-dated. So it’s worth coming back from time to time to see what’s new.

Bird watching also is a great way of benefitting bird conservation in Peru by generating conservation funds thru the payment of entrance fees in protected coastal wetlands. When travelling with our associated ecotourism operator Nature Expeditions you will be guided by experienced bird guides that provide you with in-depth information about habitat and species conservation in Peru. When passing thru Lima don’t miss out on Nature Expeditions birding tours.

Pelagic birding in Peru

Coastal marine birding in Peru

Coastal wetlands and desert oasis birding in Peru

Urban birding in Peru

Andean birding in Peru


Chilean flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis)

White-cheeked pintail (Anas bahamensis)

Blue-winged teal (Anas discors)

Cinnamon teal (Anas cyanoptera)

White-tufted grebe (Rollandia rolland)

Least grebe (Tachybaptus dominicus)

Pied-billed grebe (Podilymbus podiceps)

Great grebe (Podiceps major)

Neotropic cormorant (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)

Cocoi heron (Ardea cocoi)

Roseate spoonbill (Platalea ajaja)

Cattle egret (Bubulcus ibis)

Great egret (Ardea alba)

Yellow-crowned night-heron (Nyctanassa violocea)

Black-crowned night-heron (Nyctircorax nycticorax)

Snowy egret (Egretta thula)

Little blue heron (Egretta caerulea)

Tricolored heron (Egretta tricolor)

Striated heron (Butorides striata)

Least bittern (Ixobrychus exilis)

Puna ibis (Plegadis ridgwayi)

Black-faced ibis (Theristicus melanopis)

Black vulture (Coragyps atratus)

Turkey vulture (Cathartes aura)

Osprey (Pandion haliatus)

Plumbeous rail (Pardirallus sanguinolentus)

Spotted rail (Pardirallus macilatus)

Virginia rail (Rallus limicola)

Common moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)

Andean coot (Fulia ardesiaca)

American oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus)

Blackish oystercatcher (Haematopus ater)

Black-necked stilt (Himantopus mexicanus)

Tawny-throated dotterel (Oreopholus ruficolis)

American golden plover (Pluvialis dominica)

Collared plover (Charadrius collaris)

Snowy plover (Charadrius alexandrinus)

Semipalmated plover (Charadrius semipalmatus)

Wilson’s plover (Charadrius wilsonia)

Rufous-chested plover dotterel (Charadrius modestus)

Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

Short-billed dowitcher (Limnodromus griseus)

Willet (Catoptrophorus semipalmatus)

Hudsonian godwit (Limosa haemastica)

Marbled godwit (Limosa fedoa)

Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus)

Lesser yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes)

Greater yellowlegs (Tringa melanoleuca)

Stilt sandpiper (Calidris himantopus)

Solitary sandpiper (Tringa solitaria)

Spotted sandpiper (Actitis macularius)

Least sandpiper (Calidris minutilla)

Semipalmated sandpiper (Calidris pusilla)

Western sandpiper (Calidris mauri)

Baird’s sandpiper (Calidris bairdii)

Pectoral sandpiper (Calidris melanotus)

Sandpiper (Calidris alba)

Red knot (Calidris canutus)

Rd-necked stint (Calidris ruficolis)

Dunlin (Calidris alpina)

Curley sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea)

Ruddy turnstone (Arenaria interpres)

Surfbird (Aphriza virgata)

Wandering tattler (Heteroscelus incanus)

Red-necked phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus)

Red phalarope (Phalaropus fulicarius)

Wilson’s phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor)


Terrestrial birds that can be found in coastal wetlands, beaches or rocky shorelines:

Groove-billed ani (Crotophaga sulcirostris)

Coastal miner (Geositta peruviana)

Peruvian sea side (Surf) cinclodes (Cinclodes taczanowskii)

Vermilion flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus)

Dark-faced ground-tyrant (Muscisaxicola maclovianus)

Blue-and-white swallow (Pygochelidon andecola)

Tumbes swallow (Tachycineta stolzmanni)

Yellowish pipit (Anthus lutescens)

Grassland Yellow-finch (Sicalis luteola)

Yellow-hooded blackbird (Chrysomus icterocephalus)

Peruvian meadowlark (Sturnella bellicosa)

Wren-like rushbird (Phleocryptes melanops)

Many-colored rush-tyrant (Tachuris rubigastra)

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Page author: Stefan Austermühle

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coastal marine birding               coastal wetland birding                                                     Urban birding in Lima


Protected bird site                                           Coastal desert oasis

Pantanos de Villa                                               Lomas de Lachay                                              Birding in the Andes





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